viernes, 15 de abril de 2011

11g RAC Administration and Maintenance Tasks and Utilities

11g RAC Administration and Maintenance Tasks and Utilities:

Task List:

Checking CRS Status
Viewing Name Of the Cluster
Viewing Nodes Configuration
Checking Votedisk Information
Checking OCR Disk information
Timeout Settings in Cluster
ADD/Remove OCR files
ADD/Remove Votedisk
Backing Up OCR
Backing Up Votedisk
Restoring OCR Devices
Restoring Voting Disk Devices
Changing Public IPs as well as Virtual IPs

Checking CRS Status:


The below two commands are generally used to check the status of CRS. The first command lists the status of CRS
on the local node where as the other command shows the CRS status across all the nodes in Cluster.

crsctl check crs <<-- for the local node
crsctl check cluster <<-- for remote nodes in the cluster

[root@node1-pub ~]# crsctl check crs
Cluster Synchronization Services appears healthy
Cluster Ready Services appears healthy
Event Manager appears healthy
[root@node1-pub ~]#

Checking Viability of CSS across nodes:

crsctl check cluster

For this command to run, CSS needs to be running on the local node. The "ONLINE" status for remote node says that CSS is running on that node.
When CSS is down on the remote node, the status of "OFFLINE" is displayed for that node.

[root@node1-pub ~]# crsctl check cluster
node1-pub ONLINE
node2-pub ONLINE


Viewing Cluster name:


I use below command to get the name of Cluster. You can also dump the ocr and view the name from the dump file.

ocrdump -stdout -keyname SYSTEM | grep -A 1 clustername | grep ORATEXT | awk '{print $3}'

[root@node1-pub ~]# ocrdump -stdout -keyname SYSTEM | grep -A 1 clustername | grep ORATEXT | awk '{print $3}'
test-crs
[root@node1-pub ~]#

OR

ocrconfig -export /tmp/ocr_exp.dat -s online
for i in `strings /tmp/ocr_exp.dat | grep -A 1 clustername` ; do if [ $i != 'SYSTEM.css.clustername' ]; then echo $i; fi; done


[root@node1-pub ~]# ocrconfig -export /tmp/ocr_exp.dat -s online
[root@node1-pub ~]# for i in `strings /tmp/ocr_exp.dat | grep -A 1 clustername` ; do if [ $i != 'SYSTEM.css.clustername' ]; then echo $i; fi; done
test-crs
[root@node1-pub ~]#

OR

Oracle creates a directory with the same name as Cluster under the $ORA_CRS_HOME/cdata. you can get the cluster name from this directory as well.

[root@node1-pub ~]# ls /u01/app/crs/cdata
localhost test-crs


Viewing No. Of Nodes configured in Cluster:


The below command can be used to find out the number of nodes registered into the cluster.
It also displays the node's Public name, Private name and Virtual name along with their numbers.

olsnodes -n -p -i

[root@node1-pub ~]# olsnodes -n -p -i
node1-pub 1 node1-prv node1-vip
node2-pub 2 node2-prv node2-vip


Viewing Votedisk Information:


The below command is used to view the no. of Votedisks configured in the Cluster.

crsctl query css votedisk

[root@node1-pub ~]# crsctl query css votedisk
0. 0 /u02/ocfs2/vote/VDFile_0
1. 0 /u02/ocfs2/vote/VDFile_1
2. 0 /u02/ocfs2/vote/VDFile_2
Located 3 voting disk(s).
[root@node1-pub ~]#

[root@node1-pub ~]# crsctl check crs
Cluster Synchronization Services appears healthy
Cluster Ready Services appears healthy
Event Manager appears healthy
[root@node1-pub ~]#


Viewing OCR Disk Information:


The below command is used to view the no. of OCR files configured in the Cluster. It also displays the version of OCR
as well as storage space information. You can only have 2 OCR files at max.

ocrcheck

[root@node1-pub ~]# ocrcheck
Status of Oracle Cluster Registry is as follows :
Version : 2
Total space (kbytes) : 262120
Used space (kbytes) : 3848
Available space (kbytes) : 258272
ID : 744414276
Device/File Name : /u02/ocfs2/ocr/OCRfile_0
Device/File integrity check succeeded
Device/File Name : /u02/ocfs2/ocr/OCRfile_1
Device/File integrity check succeeded

Cluster registry integrity check succeeded


Various Timeout Settings in Cluster:


Disktimeout:
Disk Latencies in seconds from node-to-Votedisk. Default Value is 200. (Disk IO)
Misscount:
Network Latencies in second from node-to-node (Interconnect). Default Value is 60 Sec (Linux) and 30 Sec in Unix platform. (Network IO)
Misscount < Disktimeout

NOTE: Do not change them without contacting Oracle Support. This may cause logical corruption to the Data.

IF
(Disk IO Time > Disktimeout) OR (Network IO time > Misscount)
THEN
REBOOT NODE
ELSE
DO NOT REBOOT
END IF;

crsctl get css disktimeout
crsctl get css misscount
crsctl get css reboottime

[root@node1-pub ~]# crsctl get css disktimeout
200

[root@node1-pub ~]# crsctl get css misscount
Configuration parameter misscount is not defined. <<<<< This message indicates that the Misscount is not set maually and it is set to it's
Default Value On Linux, it is default to 60 Second. If you want to chang it, you can do that as below. (Not recommended)

[root@node1-pub ~]# crsctl set css misscount 100
Configuration parameter misscount is now set to 100.
[root@node1-pub ~]# crsctl get css misscount
100

The below command sets the value of misscount back to its Default values:

crsctl unset css misscount

[root@node1-pub ~]# crsctl unset css misscount

[root@node1-pub ~]# crsctl get css reboottime
3


Add/Remove OCR file in Cluster:


Removing OCR File

(1) Get the Existing OCR file information by running ocrcheck utility.

[root@node1-pub ~]# ocrcheck
Status of Oracle Cluster Registry is as follows :
Version : 2
Total space (kbytes) : 262120
Used space (kbytes) : 3852
Available space (kbytes) : 258268
ID : 744414276
Device/File Name : /u02/ocfs2/ocr/OCRfile_0 <-- OCR
Device/File integrity check succeeded
Device/File Name : /u02/ocfs2/ocr/OCRfile_1 <-- OCR Mirror
Device/File integrity check succeeded

Cluster registry integrity check succeeded

(2) The First command removes the OCR mirror (/u02/ocfs2/ocr/OCRfile_1). If you want to remove the OCR
file (/u02/ocfs2/ocr/OCRfile_1) run the next command.

ocrconfig -replace ocrmirror
ocrconfig -replace ocr

[root@node1-pub ~]# ocrconfig -replace ocrmirror
[root@node1-pub ~]# ocrcheck
Status of Oracle Cluster Registry is as follows :
Version : 2
Total space (kbytes) : 262120
Used space (kbytes) : 3852
Available space (kbytes) : 258268
ID : 744414276
Device/File Name : /u02/ocfs2/ocr/OCRfile_0 <<-- OCR File
Device/File integrity check succeeded

Device/File not configured <-- OCR Mirror not existed any more

Cluster registry integrity check succeeded

Adding OCR

You need to add OCR or OCR Mirror file in a case where you want to move the existing OCR file location to the different Devices.
The below command add ths OCR mirror file if OCR file alread exists.

(1) Get the Current status of OCR:

[root@node1-pub ~]# ocrconfig -replace ocrmirror
[root@node1-pub ~]# ocrcheck
Status of Oracle Cluster Registry is as follows :
Version : 2
Total space (kbytes) : 262120
Used space (kbytes) : 3852
Available space (kbytes) : 258268
ID : 744414276
Device/File Name : /u02/ocfs2/ocr/OCRfile_0 <<-- OCR File
Device/File integrity check succeeded

Device/File not configured <-- OCR Mirror does not exist

Cluster registry integrity check succeeded

As You can see, I only have one OCR file but not the second file which is OCR Mirror.
So, I can add second OCR (OCR Mirror) as below command.

ocrconfig -replace ocrmirror

[root@node1-pub ~]# ocrconfig -replace ocrmirror /u02/ocfs2/ocr/OCRfile_1
[root@node1-pub ~]# ocrcheck
Status of Oracle Cluster Registry is as follows :
Version : 2
Total space (kbytes) : 262120
Used space (kbytes) : 3852
Available space (kbytes) : 258268
ID : 744414276
Device/File Name : /u02/ocfs2/ocr/OCRfile_0
Device/File integrity check succeeded
Device/File Name : /u02/ocfs2/ocr/OCRfile_1
Device/File integrity check succeeded

Cluster registry integrity check succeeded

You can have at most 2 OCR devices (OCR itself and its single Mirror) in a cluster. Adding extra Mirror gives you below error message

[root@node1-pub ~]# ocrconfig -replace ocrmirror /u02/ocfs2/ocr/OCRfile_2
PROT-21: Invalid parameter
[root@node1-pub ~]#


Add/Remove Votedisk file in Cluster:


Adding Votedisk:

Get the existing Vote Disks associated into the cluster. To be safe, Bring crs cluster stack down on all the nodes
but one on which you are going to add votedisk from.

(1) Stop CRS on all the nodes in cluster but one.

[root@node2-pub ~]# crsctl stop crs

(2) Get the list of Existing Vote Disks

crsctl query css votedisk

[root@node1-pub ~]# crsctl query css votedisk
0. 0 /u02/ocfs2/vote/VDFile_0
1. 0 /u02/ocfs2/vote/VDFile_1
2. 0 /u02/ocfs2/vote/VDFile_2
Located 3 voting disk(s).

(3) Backup the VoteDisk file

Backup the existing votedisks as below as oracle:

dd if=/u02/ocfs2/vote/VDFile_0 of=$ORACLE_BASE/bkp/vd/VDFile_0

[root@node1-pub ~]# su - oracle
[oracle@node1-pub ~]$ dd if=/u02/ocfs2/vote/VDFile_0 of=$ORACLE_BASE/bkp/vd/VDFile_0
41024+0 records in
41024+0 records out
[oracle@node1-pub ~]$

(4) Add an Extra Votedisk into the Cluster:

If it is a OCFS, then touch the file as oracle. On raw devices, initialize the raw devices using "dd" command

touch /u02/ocfs2/vote/VDFile_3 <<-- as oracle
crsctl add css votedisk /u02/ocfs2/vote/VDFile_3 <<-- as oracle
crsctl query css votedisks

[root@node1-pub ~]# su - oracle
[oracle@node1-pub ~]$ touch /u02/ocfs2/vote/VDFile_3
[oracle@node1-pub ~]$ crsctl add css votedisk /u02/ocfs2/vote/VDFile_3
Now formatting voting disk: /u02/ocfs2/vote/VDFile_3.
Successful addition of voting disk /u02/ocfs2/vote/VDFile_3.

(5) Confirm that the file has been added successfully:

[root@node1-pub ~]# ls -l /u02/ocfs2/vote/VDFile_3
-rw-r----- 1 oracle oinstall 21004288 Oct 6 16:31 /u02/ocfs2/vote/VDFile_3
[root@node1-pub ~]# crsctl query css votedisks
Unknown parameter: votedisks
[root@node1-pub ~]# crsctl query css votedisk
0. 0 /u02/ocfs2/vote/VDFile_0
1. 0 /u02/ocfs2/vote/VDFile_1
2. 0 /u02/ocfs2/vote/VDFile_2
3. 0 /u02/ocfs2/vote/VDFile_3
Located 4 voting disk(s).
[root@node1-pub ~]#

Removing Votedisk:

Removing Votedisk from the cluster is very simple. Tthe below command removes the given votedisk from cluster configuration.

crsctl delete css votedisk /u02/ocfs2/vote/VDFile_3

[root@node1-pub ~]# crsctl delete css votedisk /u02/ocfs2/vote/VDFile_3
Successful deletion of voting disk /u02/ocfs2/vote/VDFile_3.
[root@node1-pub ~]#

[root@node1-pub ~]# crsctl query css votedisk
0. 0 /u02/ocfs2/vote/VDFile_0
1. 0 /u02/ocfs2/vote/VDFile_1
2. 0 /u02/ocfs2/vote/VDFile_2
Located 3 voting disk(s).
[root@node1-pub ~]#


Backing Up OCR


Oracle performs physical backup of OCR devices every 4 hours under the default backup direcory $ORA_CRS_HOME/cdata/
and then it rolls that forward to Daily, weekly and monthly backup. You can get the backup information by executing below command.

ocrconfig -showbackup

[root@node1-pub ~]# ocrconfig -showbackup

node2-pub 2007/09/03 17:46:47 /u01/app/crs/cdata/test-crs/backup00.ocr

node2-pub 2007/09/03 13:46:45 /u01/app/crs/cdata/test-crs/backup01.ocr

node2-pub 2007/09/03 09:46:44 /u01/app/crs/cdata/test-crs/backup02.ocr

node2-pub 2007/09/03 01:46:39 /u01/app/crs/cdata/test-crs/day.ocr

node2-pub 2007/09/03 01:46:39 /u01/app/crs/cdata/test-crs/week.ocr
[root@node1-pub ~]#

Manually backing up the OCR

ocrconfig -manualbackup <<--Physical Backup of OCR

The above command backs up OCR under the default Backup directory. You can export the contents of the OCR using below command (Logical backup).

ocrconfig -export /tmp/ocr_exp.dat -s online <<-- Logical Backup of OCR


Restoring OCR


The below command is used to restore the OCR from the physical backup. Shutdown CRS on all nodes.

ocrconfig -restore

Locate the avialable Backups

[root@node1-pub ~]# ocrconfig -showbackup

node2-pub 2007/09/03 17:46:47 /u01/app/crs/cdata/test-crs/backup00.ocr

node2-pub 2007/09/03 13:46:45 /u01/app/crs/cdata/test-crs/backup01.ocr

node2-pub 2007/09/03 09:46:44 /u01/app/crs/cdata/test-crs/backup02.ocr

node2-pub 2007/09/03 01:46:39 /u01/app/crs/cdata/test-crs/day.ocr

node2-pub 2007/09/03 01:46:39 /u01/app/crs/cdata/test-crs/week.ocr

node1-pub 2007/10/07 13:50:41 /u01/app/crs/cdata/test-crs/backup_20071007_135041.ocr

Perform Restore from previous Backup

[root@node2-pub ~]# ocrconfig -restore /u01/app/crs/cdata/test-crs/week.ocr

The above command restore the OCR from week old backup.
If you have logical backup of OCR (taken using export option), then You can import it with the below command.

ocrconfig -import /tmp/ocr_exp.dat


Restoring Votedisks



Shutdown CRS on all the nodes in Cluster.
Locate the current location of the Votedisks
Restore each of the votedisks using "dd" command from the previous good backup of Votedisk taken using the same "dd" command.
Start CRS on all the nodes.
crsctl stop crs
crsctl query css votedisk
dd if= of= <<-- do this for all the votedisks
crsctl start crs


Changing Public and Virtual IP Address:



Current Config Changed to

Node 1:

Public IP: 216.160.37.154 192.168.10.11
VIP: 216.160.37.153 192.168.10.111
subnet: 216.160.37.159 192.168.10.0
Netmask: 255.255.255.248 255.255.255.0
Interface used: eth0 eth0
Hostname: node1-pub.hingu.net node1-pub.hingu.net

Node 2:

Public IP: 216.160.37.156 192.168.10.22
VIP: 216.160.37.157 192.168.10.222
subnet: 216.160.37.159 192.168.10.0
Netmask: 255.255.255.248 255.255.255.0
Interface used: eth0 eth0
Hostname: node1-pub.hingu.net node2-pub.hingu.net

=======================================================================
(A)

Take the Services, Database, ASM Instances and nodeapps down on both the Nodes in Cluster. Also disable the nodeapps, asm and database instances to prevent them from restarting in case if this node gets rebooted during this process.


srvctl stop service -d test
srvctl stop database -d test
srvctl stop asm -n node1-pub
srvctl stop asm -n node2-pub
srvctl stop nodeapps -n node1-pub,node1-pub2
srvctl disable instance -d test -i test1,test2
srvctl disable asm -n node1-pub
srvctl disable asm -n node2-pub
srvctl disable nodeapps -n node1-pub
srvctl disable nodeapps -n node2-pub


(B)
Modify the /etc/hosts and/or DNS, ifcfg-eth0 (local node) with the new IP values
on All the Nodes

(C)
Restart the specific network interface in order to use the new IP.


ifconfig eth0 down
ifconfig eth0 up


Or, you can restart the network.
CAUTION: on NAS, restarting entire network may cause the node to be rebooted.

(D)
Update the OCR with the New Public IP.
In case of public IP, you have to delete the interface first and then add it back with the new IP address.

As oracle user, Issue the below command:


oifcfg delif -global eth0
oifcfg setif -global eth0/192.168.10.0:public


(E)
Update the OCR with the New Virtual IP.
Virtual IP is part of the nodeapps and so you can modify the nodeapps to update the Virtual IP information.

As privileged user (root), Issue the below commands:


srvctl modify nodeapps -n node1-pub -A 192.168.10.111/255.255.255.0/eth0 <-- for Node 1
srvctl modify nodeapps -n node1-pub -A 192.168.10.222/255.255.255.0/eth0 <-- for Node 2


(F)
Enable the nodeapps, ASM, database Instances for all the Nodes.


srvctl enable instance -d test -i test1,test2
srvctl enable asm -n node1-pub
srvctl enable asm -n node2-pub
srvctl enable nodeapps -n node1-pub
srvctl enable nodeapps -n node2-pub


(G)
Update the listener.ora file on each nodes with the correct IP addresses in case if it uses the IP address instead of the hostname.

(H)
Restart the Nodeapps, ASM and Database instance


srvctl start nodeapps -n node1-pub
srvctl start nodeapps -n node2-pub
srvctl start asm -n node1-pub
srvctl start asm -n node2-pub
srvctl start database -d test